Why is the Census so important? The U.S. Constitution mandates that the country take a census of the population every 10 years to count every living person in the U.S. Participation in the Census is required by law. First conducted in 1790, Census results are used to determine the number of congressional seats for each state and distribute more than $675 billion in federal funds, grants and other support to states, counties and communities for schools, hospitals, roads, public works and other vital programs.
Individuals can complete the Census by mail or phone, and, for the first time in 2020, will have the option of completing it online. Census staff also will go door-to-door in communities, distributing forms.
March 12-20: An invitation to respond online to the 2020 Census will be sent in the mail. Some households also will receive paper questionnaires.
March 16-24: A reminder letter will be sent.
March 26-April 3: If you haven’t responded yet, a reminder postcard will be sent.
April 8-16: If you haven’t responded yet, a reminder letter and paper questionnaire will be sent.
April 20-27: If you haven’t responded yet, a final reminder postcard will be sent before the Census Bureau follows up in person.